Beginning and Medial Consonants
*Note: The tense (doubled) consonants have a “stronger” sound than their lax counterparts that cannot be represented with English sounds. The difference comes from more tension in the mouth and throat while making the sounds. I still have trouble pronouncing these sounds, too.
Exceptions: ㅅ and ㅆ take an “sh” sound when they are in front of the ㅣ (“ee” sound) vowel, or any “y-series” vowel (see below). For example 피시 sounds like “pee shee” instead of “pee see”.
ㄹ makes a kind of “r” sound when it is found between two vowels. However, the sound is not like the “r” sound in English, but instead like the “r” sound in Spanish in words like “pero”. For example 파리 (Paris) sounds like “pah ree” instead of “pah lee”.
Some consonants take a different sound when they occur at the bottom of a syllable block, at the end of a word. Fortunately there are only a few possibilities for sounds, so it’s not that hard to remember. Remember, Koreans do not release consonants at the end of a word, they swallow them. ㄴ, ㅁ, and ㄹ do not change at the end of a word.
Mixed consonants: Some syllable blocks will have two different consonants on the bottom. If it is followed by a vowel sound (ex. 앉으세요! “Sit down!”), both consonants are pronounced. Otherwise, only one of the consonants will be spoken, the other will be silent (ex. 닭 “chicken”).
Vowels are always the second character in a syllable block. There are 21 different vowels in Korean, but many of them are composites of the basic 8 vowels, so it is easier to remember.
The following vowels are composites of two of the basic vowels. Each is still pronounced as only one syllable.
Credit : Hangukman@LetsLearnKorean
Exercises with basic tenses :
Welcome = 환영합니다 (hwahn young hahp nee dah)
Hello = 안녕하세요 (ahn nyung hah seh yo) frm. 안녕 (ahn nyung) inf.
How have you been? = 어떻게 지내세요? (uh dduh keh gee nae sae yo)
Long time, no see = 오랜만이에요 (oh ren mahn yi eh yo)
Sorry = 미안합니다 (mee ahn hahp nee dah)
I love you = 사랑해 (sah rahng hae)
Thank you = 감사합니다 (gahn sah hahp nee dah)
Thank you (to friends) = 고마워 (go mah wuh)
What’s your name? = 이름이 뭐에요 (yi rum yi mouh ae yo)
My name is … = 제 이름은 (jae yi rum eun…)
Good bye = 안녕히 가세요 (ahn nyung hee gah seh yo) frm. 안녕 (ahn nyung) inf.
Let’s exercises with your idol!!
Incase you’re a fanboy, you might prefer practise with SNSD XP
Credit as labelled on the video